Background & Aims: Predictors of response to treatment with peginterferon plus ribavirin are well established. In these post-hoc analyses of the REALIZE study, we sought to identify predictors of response for telaprevir-based triple therapy. Methods: Patients from the REALIZE study with baseline data for all predictors evaluated (including baseline disease characteristics and demographics, prior treatment response and baseline laboratory assessments) were included in the post-hoc analyses (n = 465). Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to evaluate factors predicting treatment outcomes. Results: Sustained viral response (SVR) rates were 86% in prior relapsers, 63% in prior partial responders and 32% in prior null-responders. In the final multivariate analysis, baseline factors predicting SVR were prior response to treatment [Odds ratio (OR) = 2.80; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.13-3.69], low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (≥2.6 mmol/L) (OR = 2.11; 95% CI, 1.52-2.93), HCV genotype (OR = 0.58; 95% CI, 0.36-0.93), and maximum alanine amino transferase and aspartate amino transferase (OR = 0.62; 95% CI, 0.40-0.97). Conclusions: Prior response to peginterferon plus ribavirin treatment and LDL levels are the main independent predictive markers of response with telaprevir-based triple therapy.
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