Long-term stability of self-assembled monolayers on 316L stainless steel

C. R. Kaufmann, G. Mani, D. Marton, D. M. Johnson, C. M. Agrawal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


316L stainless steel (316L SS) has been extensively used for making orthopedic, dental and cardiovascular implants. The use of phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on 316L SS has been previously explored for potential biomedical applications. In this study, we have investigated the long-term stability of methyl (-CH3) and carboxylic acid (-COOH)-terminated phosphonic acid SAMs on 316L under physiological conditions. The stability of SAMs on mechanically polished and electropolished 316L SS was also investigated as a part of this study. Well-ordered and uniform -CH 3- and -COOH-terminated SAMs were coated on mechanically polished and electropolished 316L SS surfaces. The long-term stability of SAMs on 316L SS was investigated for up to 28 days in Tris-buffered saline (TBS) at 37 °C using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy and contact angle goniometry. A significant amount of phosphonic acid molecules was desorbed from the 316L SS surfaces within 1 to 7 days of TBS immersion followed by a slow desorption of molecules over the remaining days. The -COOH-terminated SAM was found to be more stable than the -CH3-terminated SAM on both mechanically and electropolished surfaces. No significant differences in the desorption behavior of SAMs were observed between mechanically and electropolished 316L SS surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number025008
JournalBiomedical Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term stability of self-assembled monolayers on 316L stainless steel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this