Long-term effects of the mammary carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene on hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its pituitary receptor gene expression, during the promotion stage, in female Sprague-Dawley rats

M. Jakubowski, V. Lenoir, M. Jimenez-Linan, P. Duval, L. Israel, J. L. Roberts, B. Kerdelhué

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A single intragastric administration of 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) has been shown to induce mammary tumors in young cycling female Sprague-Dawley rats. The appearance of these tumors is preceded by a series of neuroendocrine disturbances, including attenuation of the preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and amplification of the preovulatory 17β-estradiol surge, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) released in vitro. In this study, we examined the hypothesis that DMBA administration decreases levels of GnRH mRNA in the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH) and GnRH receptor (GnRH Rc) mRNA and protein in the anterior pituitary gland. Sprague-Dawley rats, 55-60 days of age with regular estrous cycles, received a single dose of 15 mg DMBA in 1 ml sesame oil delivered by intragastric intubation. A first series of experiments was performed for the measurement of hypothalamic GnRH mRNA and pituitary GnRH Rc mRNA levels. A second series of experiments was performed for the measurement of pituitary GnRH receptor. In both experiments, animals were sacrificed by decapitation at 11.00, 16.00, 18.00 and 20.00h on each day of the 7th or 8th estrous cycle (28-32 days) after treatment. GnRH and GnRH receptor mRNAs were quantified using solution hybridization-RNase protection assay. The GnRH Rc was quantified using the 125I-D-Ala6-N-Met-Leu6-des-Gly10-ethylamide GnRH. DMBA-treatment produced no significant effect on the overall mean values of GnRH mRNA. GnRH mRNA levels in control rats rose significantly between 16.00 and 20.00h on proestrus and between 18.00 and 20.00h on diestrus I. DMBA-treated rats had a surge in GnRH mRNA levels at 18.00h on proestrus, and showed additional surges at 18.00h on diestrus II and estrus. GnRH receptor mRNA content in the anterior pituitary gland surged at 16.00h on certain days of the cycle in both groups of rats. In control rats, only the surge on diestrus II proved significant, whereas DMBA-treated rats exhibited significant surges on diestrus I, diestrus II and proestrus. GnRH receptor mRNA values were significantly lower on both days of diestrus in DMBA-treated rats compared with controls. GnRH Rc peptide content, like GnRH receptor in RNA surged at 16.00h in both groups with the exception of a marked fall on proestrus day for DMBA treated rats. A reduction in the amplitude of the surge was also seen on the day of estrous and to a lesser extend on the day of diestrus DII in DMBA treated animal. Overall, there was a disruption of the GnRH Rc pattern which culminate on the day of proestrus in DMBA-treated animals. Interestingly, the daily rise between 11.00 and 16.00h which is the more pronounced on the day of proestrus in control animals, was completely blunted in DMBA-treated rats. Overall, the results are consistent with the hypothesis that the carcinogen attenuates, directly or indirectly, preovulatory biosynthesis of the GnRH receptor and LH release. Obviously, the changes in GnRH might occur simultaneously, independently from mammary tumorigenesis, but may play a role, in association with others DMBA-induced neuroendocrine disorders, in the promotion stage of mammary tumors in the Sprague-Dawley female rat.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-29
Number of pages7
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)
  • Anterior pituitary
  • Female Sprague-Dawley rat
  • GnRH receptor
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
  • Hypothalamus
  • Mammary tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term effects of the mammary carcinogen 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene on hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone and its pituitary receptor gene expression, during the promotion stage, in female Sprague-Dawley rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this