Living cellular construct for increasing the width of keratinized gingiva: Results from a randomized, within-patient, controlled trial

Michael K. McGuire, E. Todd Scheyer, Marc Nevins, Rodrigo Neiva, David L. Cochran, James T. Mellonig, William V. Giannobile, Damien Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Background: The standard of care for increasing keratinized gingiva adjacent to teeth that do not require root coverage is the free gingival graft (FGG). Apilot study indicated that the use of a living cellular construct (LCC) could be effective in this clinical scenario. Methods:Apivotal,multicenter, randomized, within-patient, controlled, open-label trialwas conducted (N = 96 patients). After removing the mucosa and keratinized gingiva from the test site, either an LCC or FGG was applied. The primary efficacy endpoint was the ability of the LCC to regenerate ≥2mmkeratinized gingiva at 6 months. Secondary measures were the same color and texture as the adjacent tissue, a 1-mm width of keratinized gingiva at 6 months, patient treatment preference, surgical site sensitivity at 1 week, and patient-reported pain after 3 days. Safety was assessed by reports of adverse events. Results: At 6 months, the LCC regenerated ≥2 mm of keratinized gingiva in 95.3% of patients (81 of 85 patients; P <0.001 versus a 50% predefined standard). As expected, the FGG generated more keratinized gingiva than the LCC (4.57 ± 1.0 mm versus 3.2 ± 1.1 mm, respectively). The gingiva regenerated with the LCC matched the color and texture of the adjacent gingiva. All patients achieved ≥1 mm keratinized gingiva with the LCC treatment by 6 months, and more patients preferred treatment with the LCC than with the FGG. No difference in sensitivity or pain was noted between the treatments. The treatments were well tolerated, and reported adverse events were typical for this type of periodontal surgery. Conclusion: The use of an LCC may provide a safe and effective therapy for augmenting the zone of keratinized gingiva.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1414-1423
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • Gingival recession
  • Mouth mucosa
  • Oral surgery
  • Periodontal diseases
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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