Literature reviews

Kathleen R. Stevens

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Science is largely composed of two types of research: (a) primary research-original studies based on observation or experimentation; and (b) secondary research-reviews of published research that draw together the findings of two or more primary studies. Once a number of studies on the same topic accumulate, the challenge becomes determining implications for clinical decision-making. This chapter provides an overview of a number of types of evidence summaries, pointing to similarities in purpose, rigor, and clinical usefulness while providing examples. The discussion explores the following types of reviews: systematic review, integrative review, qualitative review, scoping review, and narrative review. The discussion proceeds from those that produce the strongest level of evidence to guide clinical decisions to those that are less rigorous or are done for a different purpose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationResearch for Advanced Practice Nurses, Fourth Edition
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Evidence to Practice
PublisherSpringer Publishing Company
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780826151339
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021


  • Clinical decision-making
  • Integrative review
  • Narrative review
  • Qualitative review
  • Scoping review
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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