Prior treatment with commercially prepared and acetone-extracted lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was found to suppress the expression of antibody-directed, cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) to chicken red blood cells (CRBC) by spleen cells from C57/BL10, C3H, and BALB/c mice. The in vitro incubation with commercial LPS suppressed ADCC-CRBC activity of spleen cells from both C3H/HeJ and C3H/HeN mice. Only the C3H/HeN strain was suppressed when treated with purified LPS. ADCC-CRBC activity of neonatal spleen cells could be suppressed after a 3-hr in vivo incubation with LPS while adult spleen cells required a minimum of 15 hr preincubation.
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