Lipidomics revealed aberrant metabolism of lipids including fahfas in renal tissue in the progression of lupus nephritis in a murine model

Changfeng Hu, Yu Du, Xiaofen Xu, Haichang Li, Qiao Duan, Zhijun Xie, Chengping Wen, Xianlin Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lupus nephritis (LN) is an inflammatory renal disease of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus with lots of immune complexes deposited in kidneys. Accumulated studies have demonstrated the close relationships among dyslipidaemia, inflammation, and autoimmune response, and oxidative stress in the patients. Lipids play numerous important roles in biological process and cellular functions. Herein, shotgun lipidomics was employed to quantitatively analyze cellular lipidomes in the renal tissue of MRL/lpr mice in the progression of LN (including pre-LN and LN state) with/without treated with glucocorticoids (GCs). The levels of cytokines (i.e., TNF-α (Tumor necrosis factor alpha) and IL-6 (Interleukin 6)) in the serum were measured by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kits. Renal histopathological changes and C3 deposition in the glomeruli of the mice were also determined. Lipidomics analysis revealed that the ectopic fat deposition and the aberrant metabolism of lipids that were relevant to oxidative stress (e.g., 4-hydroxyalkenal, ceramide, lysophospholipid species, etc.) always existed in the development of LN. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory FAHFA (fatty acid ester of hydroxyl fatty acid) species in the kidney tissue could largely reflect the severity of LN. Thus, they were a potential early biomarker for LN. In addition, the study also revealed that treatment with GCs could prevent the progression of LN, but greatly aggravate the aberrant metabolism of the lipids, particularly when used for a long time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalMetabolites
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Autoimmune reaction
  • FAHFAs
  • Lipidomics
  • Lupus nephritis
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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