Lipid and protein oxidation in hepatic homogenates and cell membranes exposed to bile acids

Lorena Fuentes-Broto, Enrique Martínez-Ballarín, Javier Miana-Mena, Cesar Berzosa, Eduardo Piedrafita, Igor Cebrián, Russel J. Reiter, Joaquín J. García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Cholestasis occurs in a variety of hepatic diseases and causes damage due to accumulation of bile acids in the liver. The aim was to investigate the effect of several bile acids, i.e. chenodeoxycholic, taurochenodeoxycholic, deoxycholic, taurodeoxycholic, ursodeoxycholic, lithocholic and taurolithocholic (TLC), in inducing oxidative damage. Hepatic tissue of male Sprague-Dawley rats was incubated with or without 1 mM of each bile acid, with or without 0.1 mM FeCl3 and 0.1 mM ascorbic acid for the purpose of generating free radicals. Several bile acids increased lipid and protein oxidation, with TLC being the most pro-oxidative (657% and 175% in homogenates and 350% and 311% in membranes, respectively). TLC also enhanced iron-induced oxidative stress to lipids (21% in homogenates and 29% in membranes) and to proteins (74% in membranes). This enhancement was dose-and time-dependent and was reduced by melatonin. These results suggest that bile acids differentially mediate hepatic oxidative stress and may be involved in the physiopathology of cholestasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1080-1089
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2009


  • Bile acid
  • Cholestasis
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Protein carbonyls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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