Lifestyle Interventions for Elevated Blood Pressure in Childhood—Approaches and Outcomes

C. Austin Lobitz, Ikuyo Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of existing and emerging lifestyle treatments in the clinical management of primary elevated blood pressure and hypertension in pediatric patients. The authors hope to expand the knowledge base surrounding pediatric hypertension and update clinicians on best practices to improve outcomes. Recent Findings: Elevated blood pressure is traditionally addressed with broad lifestyle recommendations such as limiting salt consumption and losing weight. This approach is not well adapted for pediatric patients. Novel and often underutilized approaches to the treatment of hypertension in pediatrics include psychological counseling for behavior modification, circadian nutrition, consistent use of interdisciplinary teams, manipulation of macronutrients, stress management, technology-infused interventions, and systemic changes to the food environment. Summary: Elevated blood pressure is a pervasive condition affecting cardiovascular disease and mortality risk. Increasingly, pediatric patients are presenting with elevated blood pressure with etiologies known to be affected by lifestyle behaviors. Weight management, dietary modifications, and daily physical activity are well-researched methods for improving individual blood pressure measurements. These strategies can sometimes be as effective as pharmacological interventions at lowering blood pressure. However, compliance with these individual recommendations is not consistent and has led to unsatisfactory results. There are emerging treatment trends that may provide non-traditional and more effective non-pharmacologic routes to blood pressure management in pediatric patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-598
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Hypertension Reports
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Lifestyle
  • Nutrition
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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