Levels of Alanine Aminotransferase Confound Use of Transient Elastography to Diagnose Fibrosis in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection

Elliot B. Tapper, Eric B. Cohen, Keyur Patel, Bruce Bacon, Stuart Gordon, Eric Lawitz, David Nelson, Imad A. Nasser, Tracy Challies, Nezam Afdhal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Hepatic elastography (HE) is a noninvasive technique that measures liver stiffness and is used to diagnose hepatic fibrosis. It can help patients who are thought to have early-stage disease avoid a staging liver biopsy, but only when confounding variables that increase liver stiffness are excluded. Chronic inflammation from hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is not considered to be one of these variables. Methods: We identified 684 patients with HCV and METAVIR fibrosis scores of 0-2 from a prospective, multi-institutional study of liver stiffness in 2880 patients with chronic liver disease. Patients were 49.6 ± 9.0 years old, 64.3% were male, and they had an average body mass index of 26.7 ± 4.1 kg/m Results: In a multivariate analysis, inflammation (based on histologic analysis) and level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were associated with liver stiffness. The chances of a patient having a level of stiffness that indicates cirrhosis increased with grade of inflammation and level of ALT. By using a conservative 14.5-kPa cutoff for the diagnosis of cirrhosis, grade 3 inflammation had an odds ratio of 9.10 (95% confidence interval, 2.49-33.4). Likewise, levels of ALT greater than 80 and 120 IU/L had odds ratios of 3.84 (95% confidence interval, 2.10-7.00) and 4.10 (95% confidence interval, 2.18-7.69), respectively. The effect of the level of ALT persisted when analysis was restricted to patients with fibrosis scores of F0 to F1. Conclusions: In patients with HCV infection and early-stage fibrosis, increased levels of ALT correlate with liver stiffness among patients in the lowest strata of fibrosis (METAVIR scores 0-2). Patients without fibrosis but high levels of ALT could have liver stiffness within the range for cirrhosis. Inflammation should be considered a confounding variable in analysis of liver stiffness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)932-937.e1
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic HCV
  • Diagnostic test
  • Fibroscan
  • Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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