Leucine 135 of tropomodulin-1 regulates its association with tropomyosin, its cellular localization the integrity of sarcomeres

Kimi Y. Kong, Larry Kedes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Tropomodulin-1 (Tmod-1) is a well defined actin-capping protein that interacts with tropomyosin (TM) at the pointed end of actin filaments. Previous studies by others have mapped its TM-binding domain to the amino terminus from amino acid 39 to 138. In this study, we have identified several amino acid residues on Tmod-1 that are important for its interaction with TM5 (a nonmuscle TM isoform). Glutathione S-transferase affinity chromatography and immunoprecipitation assays reveal that Tmod sense mutations of either amino acid 134, 135, or 136 causes various degrees of loss of function of Tmod TM-binding ability. The reduction of TM-binding ability was relatively mild (reduced ∼20-40%) from the G136A Tmod mutant but more substantially (reduced ∼50-100%) from the I134D, L135E, and L135V Tmod mutants. In addition, mutation at any of these three sites dramatically alters the subcellular location of Tmod-1 when introduced into mammalian cells. Further analysis of these three mutants uncovered a previously unknown nuclear trafficking function of Tmod-1, and residues 134, 135, and 136 are located within a nuclear export signal motif. As a result, mutation on either residue 134 or residue 135 not only will cause a significant reduction of the Tmod-1 ability to bind to TM5 but also lead to predominant nuclear localization of Tmod-1 by crippling its nuclear export mechanism. The failure of the Tmod mutations to fully associate with TM5 when introduced into neonatal rat cardiomyocytes was also associated with an accelerated and severe fragmentation of sarcomeric structures compared with overexpression of wild type Tmod-1. The multiple losses of function of Tmod engendered by these missense mutations are most severe with the single substitution of residue 135.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9589-9599
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - Apr 7 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Leucine 135 of tropomodulin-1 regulates its association with tropomyosin, its cellular localization the integrity of sarcomeres'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this