Left Bundle Branch Pacing vs Left Ventricular Septal Pacing vs Biventricular Pacing for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

Juan C. Diaz, Usha B. Tedrow, Mauricio Duque, Julian Aristizabal, Eric D. Braunstein, Jorge Marin, Cesar Niño, Oriana Bastidas, Nestor Lopez Cabanillas, Bruce A. Koplan, Carolina Hoyos, Carlos D. Matos, Daniela Hincapie, Alejandro Velasco, Nathaniel A. Steiger, Sunil Kapur, Thomas M. Tadros, Paul C. Zei, William H. Sauer, Jorge E. Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and left ventricular septal pacing (LVSP) are considered to be acceptable as LBBAP strategies. Differences in clinical outcomes between LBBP and LVSP are yet to be determined. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of LBBP vs LVSP vs BIVP for CRT. Methods: In this prospective multicenter observational study, LBBP was compared with LVSP and BIVP in patients undergoing CRT. The primary composite outcome was freedom from heart failure (HF)–related hospitalization and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes included individual components of the primary outcome, postprocedural NYHA functional class, and electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters. Results: A total of 415 patients were included (LBBP: n = 141; LVSP: n = 31; BIVP: n = 243), with a median follow-up of 399 days (Q1-Q3: 249.5-554.8 days). Freedom from the primary composite outcomes was 76.6% in the LBBP group and 48.4% in the LVSP group (HR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.143-1.649; P = 0.001), driven by a 31.4% absolute increase in freedom from HF-related hospitalizations (83% vs 51.6%; HR: 3.55; 95% CI: 1.856-6.791; P < 0.001) without differences in all-cause mortality. LBBP was also associated with a higher freedom from the primary composite outcome compared with BIVP (HR: 1.43; 95% CI: 1.175-1.730; P < 0.001), with no difference between LVSP and BIVP. Conclusions: In patients undergoing CRT, LBBP was associated with improved outcomes compared with LVSP and BIVP, while outcomes between BIVP and LVSP are similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-305
Number of pages11
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • conduction system pacing
  • heart failure
  • left bundle branch area pacing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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