Late sequelae of proximal humerus fractures.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations


Proximal humerus fractures, both minimally displaced and complex, are subject to the development of complications. Late sequelae of such injuries include refractory shoulder stiffness, osteonecrosis, malunion, nonunion, and heterotopic bone formation. A prompt, accurate diagnosis and proper treatment protocol can decrease the occurrence and severity of such complications. When complications do occur, treatment options to improve outcome should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
JournalInstructional course lectures
Publication statusPublished - 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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