Late sequelae of proximal humerus fractures.

Michael A. Wirth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Proximal humerus fractures, both minimally displaced and complex, are subject to the development of complications. Late sequelae of such injuries include refractory shoulder stiffness, osteonecrosis, malunion, nonunion, and heterotopic bone formation. A prompt, accurate diagnosis and proper treatment protocol can decrease the occurrence and severity of such complications. When complications do occur, treatment options to improve outcome should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
JournalInstructional course lectures
StatePublished - 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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