Late recurrence of varus deformity after proximal tibial osteotomy

M. J. Stuart, J. N. Grace, D. M. Ilstrup, C. M. Kelly, R. A. Adams, B. F. Morrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


One hundred thirteen knees with medial gonarthrosis in 95 patients were treated by valgus-producing proximal tibial osteotomy and followed clinically and roentgenographically for a minimum of five years (mean, 6.3 years). Sixty-four knees (57%) were pain free or had only mild discomfort when walking. The standing femorotibial angle decreased from a postoperative average of 9.3°valgus to 7.8°valgus at the final follow-up examination. The tendency for varus recurrence greater than 5°and for medial- or lateral-compartment arthritic progression was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier survival method. Varus recurred in 18%, lateral-compartment arthritic progression in 60%, and medial-compartment arthritic progression in 83% by nine years after surgery. The probability of arthritic progression is much higher than the probability of significant varus recurrence in long-term roentgenographic follow-up studies of patients with valgus-producing proximal tibial osteotomies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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