Lassa virus infection in experimentally infected marmosets: Liver pathology and immunophenotypic alterations in target tissues

Ricardo Carrion, Kathleen Brasky, Keith Mansfield, Curtis Johnson, Monica Gonzales, Anysha Ticer, Igor Lukashevich, Suzette Tardif, Jean Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lassa virus causes thousands of deaths annually in western Africa and is considered a potential biological weapon. In an attempt to develop a small nonhuman primate model of Lassa fever, common marmosets were subcutaneously inoculated with Lassa virus strain Josiah. This inoculation resulted in a systemic disease with clinical and morphological features mirroring those in fatal human Lassa infection: fever, weight loss, high viremia and viral RNA load in tissues, elevated liver enzymes, and severe morbidity between days 15 and 20. The most prominent histopathology findings included multifocal hepatic necrosis with mild inflammation and hepatocyte proliferation, lymphoid depletion, and interstitial nephritis. Cellular aggregates in regions of hepatocellular necrosis were largely composed of HAM56-positive macrophages, devoid of CD3-positive and CD20-positive cells, and characterized by marked reductions in the intensity of HLA-DP, DQ, DR staining. A marked reduction in the major histocompatibility complex class II expression was also observed in the lymph nodes. Immunophenotypic alterations in spleen included reductions in overall numbers of CD20-positive and CD3-positive cells and the disruption of lymphoid follicular architecture. These findings identify the common marmoset as an appropriate model of human Lassa fever and present the first experimental evidence that replication of Lassa virus in tissues is associated with alterations that would be expected to impair adaptive immunity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6482-6490
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of virology
Volume81
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

Cite this

Carrion, R., Brasky, K., Mansfield, K., Johnson, C., Gonzales, M., Ticer, A., Lukashevich, I., Tardif, S., & Patterson, J. (2007). Lassa virus infection in experimentally infected marmosets: Liver pathology and immunophenotypic alterations in target tissues. Journal of virology, 81(12), 6482-6490. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02876-06