Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is performed with increasing frequency for the management of morbid obesity. Although LAGB is less invasive than other bariatric surgical procedures, it is associated with various complications that may lead to nonspecific abdominal symptoms several months or years after the procedure. Because complications of LAGB may be encountered incidentally at imaging for other indications, all radiologists should be familiar with the appearances of correctly positioned and malpositioned gastric bands, normal and abnormal appearances of the postprocedural pouch and stomach, and imaging features suggestive or indicative of early or delayed complications of LAGB. Familiarity with the techniques and systems currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in this procedure may help radiologists detect postoperative complications and guide their management. Both commercially available systems include a silicone gastric band with an inflatable inner surface, a reservoir port, and a tube that connects the port to the gastric band. All these components of LAGB systems should be visible at radiologic imaging; however, older models of gastric bands may not be radiopaque and therefore may not be depicted on images. The most common complications of LAGB are gastric band slippage and associated pouch dilatation, intragastric erosion of the band, gastric perforation, and abscess formation. Complications that occur with less frequency include tube migration, tube disconnection, port-site infection, and small bowel obstruction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging