Lack of intraclonal diversification in Ig heavy and light chain V region genes expressed by CD5+IgM+ chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells: A multiple time point analysis

Edward W. Schettino, Andrea Cerutti, Nicholas Chiorazzi, Paolo Casali

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

To analyze the modalities of clonal expansion of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, we sequenced at multiple time points the V(D)J genes expressed by CD5+IgM+CLL B cells in three patients. All three V(D)J gene sequences were found to be point mutated. The mutation frequency in the Ig V(H) (3.96 X 10-2 and 2.41 x 10-2 change/bp) and Vκ and Vλ (6.67 x 10- 2 and 1.74 x 10-2 change/bp) genes of two CLLs (1.19 and 1.32, respectively) was similar, and higher than that in the corresponding gene segments of the third CLL (1.69; 3.4 x 10-3 and 6.67 x 10-3 change/bp). In all three CLLs, there was no preferential representation of nucleotide changes yielding amino acid replacement (R mutations), nor was there any preferential segregation of R mutations within the Ig V gene complementarity- determining regions. In all three CLLs, the somatic mutations were all identical in multiple Ig V(H)DJ(H) transcripts at any given time point, and were all conserved at multiple time points throughout a 2-yr period. The lack of concentration of R mutations in the complementarity-determining regions and the lack of intraclonal heterogeneity suggest that Ag may no longer be able to play a significant role in the clonal expansion of these cells. This conclusion would be strengthened further by the germline configuration of the bcl-1 and bcl-2 proto-oncogenes that are translocated in neoplastic B cells that display significant traces of intraclonal diversification and Ag- dependent selection, such as B-prolymphocytic leukemia and low grade follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)820-830
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume160
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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