Lack of association of Aspergillus colonization with the development of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in lung transplant recipients: An international cohort study

Nancy Law, Bassem Hamandi, Christine Fegbeutel, Fernanda P. Silveira, Erik A. Verschuuren, Piedad Ussetti, Peter V. Chin-Hong, Amparo Sole, Chien Li Holmes-Liew, Eliane M. Billaud, Paolo A. Grossi, Oriol Manuel, Deborah J. Levine, Richard G. Barbers, Denis Hadjiliadis, Muhammad Younus, Jay Aram, Cecilia Chaparro, Lianne G. Singer, Shahid Husain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a major limitation in the long-term survival of lung transplant recipients (LTRs). However, the risk factors in the development of BOS remain undetermined. We conducted an international cohort study of LTRs to assess whether Aspergillus colonization with large or small conidia is a risk factor for the development of BOS. METHODS: Consecutive LTRs from January 2005 to December 2008 were evaluated. Rates of BOS and associated risk factors were recorded at 4 years. International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation criteria were used to define fungal and other infections. A Cox proportional-hazards-model was constructed to assess the association between Aspergillus colonization and the development of BOS controlling for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 747 LTRs were included. The cumulative incidence of BOS at 4 years after transplant was 33% (250 of 747). Additionally, 22% of LTRs experienced Aspergillus colonization after transplantation. Aspergillus colonization with either large (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.3–1.2, p = 0.12) or small conidia (HR = 0.9, 95% CI = 0.6–1.4, p = 0.74) was not associated with the development of BOS. Factors associated with increased risk of development of BOS were the male gender (HR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.1–1.8, p = 0.02) and episodes of acute rejection (1–2 episodes, HR = 1.5, 95% CI = 1.1–2.1, p = 0.014; 3–4 episodes, HR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.0–2.6, p = 0.036; >4 episodes, HR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.1–4.3, p = 0.02), whereas tacrolimus use was associated with reduced risk of BOS (HR = 0.6, 95% CI = 0.5–0.9, p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude from this large multicenter cohort of lung transplant patients, that Aspergillus colonization with large or small conidia did not show an association with the development of BOS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)963-971
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019

Keywords

  • BOS
  • aspergillus
  • colonization
  • lung transplantation
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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