Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio: Progress and problems

John D Olson, John T. Brandt, Wayne L. Chandler, Elizabeth M. Van Cott, Mark T. Cunningham, Timothy E. Hayes, Kandice K. Kottke-Marchant, Robert S. Makar, Arby B. Uy, Edward C. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context. - The international normalized ratio (INR) is widely used to monitor oral anticoagulation and to evaluate patients with coagulation disorders. Objective. - To examine the variability of the performance and reporting of the INR and to evaluate laboratory calculation of the INR. Design. - Between 1993 and 2003, laboratories participating in proficiency testing were surveyed. Participants provided the international sensitivity index and the mean normal prothrombin time used to calculate the INR. The INR was calculated from the data provided and compared with the INR reported to determine if the calculation was correct. Results. - Survey data regarding the INR collected between 1993 and 2003 demonstrate an improvement in reporting, using appropriate anticoagulant, using lower international sensitivity index reagents, and matching international sensitivity index and prothrombin time method. The all-method coefficient of variation of the INR improved from 18% to 5.8%. Among 3813 laboratories studied in 2002 and 2003, 4.1% miscalculated INR. Of 29 laboratories that reported investigation of the INR miscalculation, 11 (38%) reported correcting an INR that was being reported in patient results and that this error was corrected as a result of the study. Since beginning grading of the INR calculation, miscalculation of the INR has fallen to less than 1%. Conclusions. - Recommendations for change in laboratory practice made by consensus conferences are implemented during the course of many years. Difficulty calculating the INR was documented, and both the calculation and the variability in the reporting of the INR showed improvement. Proficiency testing, when closely evaluated and acted on, can have a direct impact on the quality of patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1641-1647
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Volume131
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2007

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International Normalized Ratio
Prothrombin Time
Quality of Health Care
Anticoagulants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

Cite this

Olson, J. D., Brandt, J. T., Chandler, W. L., Van Cott, E. M., Cunningham, M. T., Hayes, T. E., ... Wang, E. C. (2007). Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio: Progress and problems. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, 131(11), 1641-1647.

Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio : Progress and problems. / Olson, John D; Brandt, John T.; Chandler, Wayne L.; Van Cott, Elizabeth M.; Cunningham, Mark T.; Hayes, Timothy E.; Kottke-Marchant, Kandice K.; Makar, Robert S.; Uy, Arby B.; Wang, Edward C.

In: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Vol. 131, No. 11, 11.2007, p. 1641-1647.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olson, JD, Brandt, JT, Chandler, WL, Van Cott, EM, Cunningham, MT, Hayes, TE, Kottke-Marchant, KK, Makar, RS, Uy, AB & Wang, EC 2007, 'Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio: Progress and problems', Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 131, no. 11, pp. 1641-1647.
Olson JD, Brandt JT, Chandler WL, Van Cott EM, Cunningham MT, Hayes TE et al. Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio: Progress and problems. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. 2007 Nov;131(11):1641-1647.
Olson, John D ; Brandt, John T. ; Chandler, Wayne L. ; Van Cott, Elizabeth M. ; Cunningham, Mark T. ; Hayes, Timothy E. ; Kottke-Marchant, Kandice K. ; Makar, Robert S. ; Uy, Arby B. ; Wang, Edward C. / Laboratory reporting of the international normalized ratio : Progress and problems. In: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 131, No. 11. pp. 1641-1647.
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N2 - Context. - The international normalized ratio (INR) is widely used to monitor oral anticoagulation and to evaluate patients with coagulation disorders. Objective. - To examine the variability of the performance and reporting of the INR and to evaluate laboratory calculation of the INR. Design. - Between 1993 and 2003, laboratories participating in proficiency testing were surveyed. Participants provided the international sensitivity index and the mean normal prothrombin time used to calculate the INR. The INR was calculated from the data provided and compared with the INR reported to determine if the calculation was correct. Results. - Survey data regarding the INR collected between 1993 and 2003 demonstrate an improvement in reporting, using appropriate anticoagulant, using lower international sensitivity index reagents, and matching international sensitivity index and prothrombin time method. The all-method coefficient of variation of the INR improved from 18% to 5.8%. Among 3813 laboratories studied in 2002 and 2003, 4.1% miscalculated INR. Of 29 laboratories that reported investigation of the INR miscalculation, 11 (38%) reported correcting an INR that was being reported in patient results and that this error was corrected as a result of the study. Since beginning grading of the INR calculation, miscalculation of the INR has fallen to less than 1%. Conclusions. - Recommendations for change in laboratory practice made by consensus conferences are implemented during the course of many years. Difficulty calculating the INR was documented, and both the calculation and the variability in the reporting of the INR showed improvement. Proficiency testing, when closely evaluated and acted on, can have a direct impact on the quality of patient care.

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