Kratom use disorder: a primer for primary care physicians

Destin Groff, Heather Stuckey, Carolyn Philpott, Erika Van Dyke, Matthew Silvis, Shou Ling Leong, Curtis Bone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Kratom is a substance similar to opioids that is often used for its euphoric effects, however it can be obtained legally in most of the United States. The substance is often not assessed on routine urine drug screen, however it is estimated that millions of people engage in kratom use each year and level of use is rising. Given the increasing prevalence of kratom use, and its potentially lethal consequences, it is imperative that primary care physicians be familiar with this substance and have a framework to approach identification and treatment of individuals with kratom use disorder. This manuscript offers a review of the epidemiology and pharmacology of kratom, along with guidance for care of individuals with kratom use disorder in the primary care setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • addiction
  • Kratom
  • mitragynine
  • overdose
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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