Koppitz Bender Gestalt scores in first-grade children as related to ethnocultural background, socioeconomic class, and sex factors

Margot B. Zuelzer, James M. Stedman, Russell Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Incorporated ethnocultural, socioeconomic, and sex factors into one design, allowing comparisons under conditions of uncontrolled and controlled (by covariance) IQ conditions. In addition, the present study with 384 1st graders allowed for comparisons between reported Koppitz norms and error scores for the current sample. Findings suggest that if IQ (or IQ-mediated variables) were taken into account, the Koppitz system would be relatively uninfluenced by sex, ethnocultural, and socioeconomic status determinants. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1 1976



  • ethnocultural background &
  • sex, Koppitz Bender Gestalt scores, White vs Black vs Mexican American 1st graders
  • socioeconomic class &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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