Knee joint biomechanics of simplified 24 Tai Chi forms and association with pain in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A pilot study

Feng Yang, Wei Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Tai Chi (TC) is a multi-beneficial exercise for improving health and function in knee osteoarthritis (OA). Biomechanical insights of 24 ​TC forms at the knee joint are not well understood. We aimed to examine knee joint biomechanics of TC actions form by form and their interactions with pain in individuals with knee OA. Methods: Ten knee OA participants were recruited. Their full body motion during performance of 24 ​TC forms was collected. The knee joint biomechanics were determined by using an inverse dynamic approach based on collected full body kinematics and kinetics. In addition, the knee joint pain level was scored during each TC form. The joint moments were compared between walking trials and each TC form. The relationship between knee joint biomechanics and pain scale was assessed. Results: The knee adduction moment for five TC forms was different from the walking trial. The knee extension moment for 21 ​TC forms differed from the walking trial. For TC trials, the knee extension moment, but not the adduction moment, was positively correlated with pain level. Similarly, the knee extension moment was moderately proportional to pain level during the walking trials, but not the adduction moment. Conclusions: Our pilot results explored the knee joint biomechanics profiles of individual TC forms and examined their associations with knee joint pain. The findings in this study could provide scientific basis to select the best TC forms for the purpose of reducing knee joint pain among individuals with knee OA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100149
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage Open
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Knee Joint Biomechanics
  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Pain
  • Tai Chi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation
  • Biomedical Engineering

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