Kinetics of the neuroinflammation-oxidative stress correlation in rat brain following the injection of fibrillar amyloid-β onto the hippocampus in vivo

Sergio Rosales-Corral, Dun Xian Tan, Russel J. Reiter, Miguel Valdivia-Velázquez, J. Pablo Acosta-Martínez, Genaro G. Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to describe - following the injection of a single intracerebral dose of fibrillar amyloid-β1-40 in vivo - some correlations between proinflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress indicators in function of time, as well as how these variables fit in a regression model. We found a positive, significant correlation between interleukin (IL)-1β or IL-6 and the activity of the glutathione peroxidase enzyme (GSH-Px), but IL-1β or IL-6 maintained a strong, negative correlation with the lipid peroxidation (LPO). The first 12 h marked a positive correlation between IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), but starting from the 36 h, this relationship became negative. We found also particular patterns of behavior through the time for IL-1β, nitrites and IL-6, with parallel or sequential interrelationships. Results shows clearly that, in vivo, the fibrillar amyloid-β (Aβ) disrupts the oxidative balance and initiate a proinflammatory response, which in turn feeds the oxidative imbalance in a coordinated, sequential way. This work contributes to our understanding of the positive feedbacks, focusing the "cytokine cycle" along with the oxidative stress mediators in a complex, multicellular, and interactive environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-28
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - May 1 2004



  • Amyloid-β
  • Cytokine
  • Interleukin
  • Kinetics
  • Neuroinflammatory response
  • Oxidative stress
  • Tumor necrosis factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this