Kawase approach for dolichoectactic basilar artery macrovascular decompression in a patientwith trigeminal neuralgia: Case report

Seungwon Yoon, Justin R Mascitelli, Michael A. Mooney, Sirin Gandhi, Tsinsue Chen, Tyler S. Cole, Michael T. Lawton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Importance: Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) secondary to a dolichoectatic basilar artery (DBA) is an extremely rare phenomenon. The Kawase approach for macrovascular decompression of this rare pathology been used rarely. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: This report describes macrovascular decompression and basilar artery transposition in a 69-yr-old male presenting with progressively worsening left-sided typical TN secondary to a DBA compression. The DBA was successfully decompressed off of the trigeminal nerve via a pterional craniotomy and anterior petrosectomy. The patient had immediate improvement in TN symptoms postoperatively. The patient remained symptom free with nonbothersome facial numbness in the V3 segment at 8-mo postoperative follow-up in clinic. The patient suffered a sixth nerve palsy following surgery, whichwas later corrected by strabismus surgery. The natural history and epidemiology of TN, results of macrovascular decompression secondary to DBA compression via a traditional suboccipital retrosigmoid approach, and potential advantages of the Kawase approach are also discussed. CONCLUSION: The macrovascular decompression strategy succeeded because the compressive force was applied by the DBA to the nerve in a superolateral direction, and the decompressive sling pulled the DBA away fromthe nerve in an inferomedial direction. The working space and access to the clival dura through the Kawase approach allowed proper corrective pull with a sling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E178-E183
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basilar artery
  • Kawase approach
  • Macrovascular decompression
  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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