Joint stability characteristics of the ankle complex in female athletes with histories of lateral ankle sprain, part II: Clinical experience using arthrometric measurement

John E. Kovaleski, Robert J. Heitman, Larry R. Gurchiek, J. M. Hollis, Wei Liu, Albert W. Pearsall IV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: This is part II of a 2-part series discussing stability characteristics of the ankle complex. In part I, we used a cadaver model to examine the effects of sectioning the lateral ankle ligaments on anterior and inversion motion and stiffness of the ankle complex. In part II, we wanted to build on and apply these findings to the clinical assessment of ankle-complex motion and stiffness in a group of athletes with a history of unilateral ankle sprain. Objective: To examine ankle-complex motion and stiffness in a group of athletes with reported history of lateral ankle sprain. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: University research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Twenty-five female college athletes (age = 19.4 ± 1.4 years, height = 170.2 ± 7.4 cm, mass = 67.3 ± 10.0 kg) with histories of unilateral ankle sprain. Intervention(s): All ankles underwent loading with an ankle arthrometer. Ankles were tested bilaterally. Main Outcome Measure(s): The dependent variables were anterior displacement, anterior end-range stiffness, inversion rotation, and inversion end-range stiffness. Results: Anterior displacement of the ankle complex did not differ between the uninjured and sprained ankles (P = .37), whereas ankle-complex rotation was greater for the sprained ankles (P = .03). The sprained ankles had less anterior and inversion end-range stiffness than the uninjured ankles (P < .01). Conclusions: Changes in ankle-complex laxity and endrange stiffness were detected in ankles with histories of sprain. These results indicate the presence of altered mechanical characteristics in the soft tissues of the sprained ankles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ankle Sprains
  • Ankle instability
  • Joint laxity measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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