Isolation of Bacillus subtilis mutants altered in expression of a gene transcribed in vitro by a minor form of RNA polymerase (E-σ37)

C. L. Truitt, G. L. Ray, J. E. Trempy, Z. Da-Jian, W. G. Haldenwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

To develop a technique for identifying Bacillus subtilis genes whose products affect transcription from promoters recognized by σ37-containing RNA polymerase (E-σ37), we cloned the promoter region of a gene (ctc) that is actively transcribed in vitro by E-σ37 into a plasmid (pPL603B) so that a transcriptional fusion was created between ctc and a plasmid-borne chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene. CAT levels in B. subtilis carrying the ctc/CAT fusion plasmid varied in a manner that was consistent with the known pattern of ctc RNA synthesis. Mutagenesis of cells harboring the ctc/CAT plasmid led to the isolation of bacterial clones which displayed altered chloramphenicol resistance. Analysis of the mutants demonstrated that CAT activity was substantially changed in the mutant cells. Several of the B. subtilis mutants, both CAT overproducers and underproducers, also had acquired a sporulation-deficient phenotype. The mutations responsible for altered CAT expression were not carried on the plasmid. Analysis of RNA synthesized by mutant cells indicates that at least a portion of the mutants may be altered in the level of transcription from the ctc promoter and, hence, are likely to define B. subtilis genes which influence this process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume161
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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