Lagenidium giganteum Couch produced an extracellular collagenolytic enzyme when grown on peptone-yeast extract-glucose (PYG) broth. The enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity by chromatography on soybean trypsin inhibitor Sepharose 4B and DEAE cellulose. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed Azocoll, insoluble bovine Achilles tendon collagen, and acid soluble calfskin collagen at neutral pH. No other substrates appeared to be hydrolyzed. The purified enzyme had an apparent molecular weight of 100,000 and required calcium for optimal activity. The inhibitors PMSF, TPCK, TLCK, D-penicillamine, 8-hydroxyquinoline, cysteine, and 1,10-phenanthroline had little or no effect on enzyme activity. SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of collagenase digested collagen indicated that the enzyme cleaved in the helical region of the collagen molecule, although the exact site of cleavage was not determined. The properties of the Oomycete collagenase, the first ever reported, were found to differ consider considerably from those collagenases reported in higher fungi, with regard to metal-dependence, molecular weight and mode of action. A possible role for this enzyme was discussed in relation to pathogenesis produced in mosquito larvae by this fungus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology