M. tuberculosis H37Ra and M. bovis BCG produce multiple methyl-branched fatty acids called mycocerosic acids, presumably from methylmalonyl coenzyme A (CoA). An acyl-CoA carboxylase was isolated from these organisms at a 30 to 50% yield by a purification procedure involving ammonium sulfate fractionation, gel filtration, and affinity chromatography with a monomeric avidin-Sepharose 4B-CL gel with d-biotin as the eluant. Sodium dodecyl sulfate electrophoresis and avidin binding indicate that each enzyme is probably composed of two dissimilar subunits with a covalently bound biotin in the larger subunit. The enzyme preparations from H37Ra and BCG had specific activities of 2.1 and 5.5 μmol min -1 mg-1, respectively, when propionyl-CoA was the substrate. The enzymes from the two species displayed striking similarities in their kinetic parameters. They showed maximal activity at pH 8.0 when propionyl-CoA was the substrate, but displayed a relatively broad pH-activity profile when acetyl-CoA was the substrate. With both substrates, potassium phosphate buffer gave maximal activity. Apparent K(m) values for propionyl-CoA, ATP, Mg2+, and NaHCO3 were 70 μM, 100 μM, 5.4 mM, and 2.2 mM, respectively. The enzyme also carboxylated acetyl-CoA and butyryl-CoA, and high-performance liquid chromatography showed the expected products of carboxylation. However, with these substrates, the K(m) was higher and the V(max) was lower than those of propionyl-CoA. The enzyme was shown to be stereospecific, synthesizing exclusively (S)-methylmalonyl-CoA from propionyl-CoA. No other acyl-CoA carboxylase was observed during the purification procedure, indicating that the present carboxylase may provide malonyl-CoA for the synthesis of n-fatty acids as well as methylmalonyl-CoA for the synthesis of mycocerosic acids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of bacteriology|
|State||Published - 1982|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology