Purpose: To determine the activity, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of irinotecan (CPT- 11, Camptosar; Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI) in the treatment of adults with progressive, persistent, or recurrent malignant glioma. Patients and Methods: Patients with progressive or recurrent malignant gliomas were enrolled onto this study between October 1996 and August 1997. CPT-11 was given as a 90-minute intravenous (IV) infusion at a dose of 125 mg/m2 once weekly for 4 weeks followed by a 2-week rest, which comprised one course. Plasma concentrations of CPT-11 and its metabolites, SN-38 and SN-38 glucuronide (5N-38G), were determined in a subset of patients. Results: All 60 patients who enrolled (36 males and 24 females) were treated with CPT-11 and all were assessable for toxicity, response, and survival. Pharmacokinetic data were available in 32 patients. Nine patients (15%; 95% confidence interval, 6% to 24%) had a confirmed partial response, and 33 patients (55%) achieved stable disease lasting more than two courses (12 weeks). Toxicity observed during the study was limited to infrequent neutropenia, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. CPT-11, 5N-38, and SN-38G area under the plasma concentration-time curves through infinite time values in these patients were approximately 40%, 25%, and 25%, respectively, of those determined previously in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer not receiving antiepileptics or chronic dexamethasone treatment. Conclusion: Response results document that CPT- 11, given with a standard starting dose and treatment schedule, has activity in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. However, the low incidence of severe toxicity and low plasma concentrations of CPT-11 and SN-38 achieved in this patient population suggest that concurrent treatment with anticonvulsants and dexamethasone enhances drug clearance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|State||Published - May 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research