Involvement of the reductase domain of neuronal nitric oxide synthase in superoxide anion production

R. Timothy Miller, Pavel Martásek, Linda J. Roman, Jonathan S. Nishimura, Bettie Sue Siler Masters

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Abstract

Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is a modular enzyme which consists of a flavin-containing reductase domain and a heme-containing oxygenase domain, linked by a stretch of amino acids which contains a calmodulin (CAM) binding site. CaM binding to nNOS facilitates the transfer of NADPH-derived electrons from the reductase domain to the oxygenase domain, resulting in the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline with the concomitant formation of a guanylate cyclase activating factor, putatively nitric oxide. Numerous studies have established that peroxynitrite-derived nitrogen oxides are present following nNOS turnover. Since peroxynitrite is formed by the diffusion-limited reaction between the two radical species, nitric oxide and O2.-, we employed the adrenochrome assay to examine whether nNOS was capable of producing O2.- during catalytic turnover in the presence of L- arginine. To differentiate between the role played by the reductase domain and that of the oxygenase domain in O2.-production, we compared its production by nNOS against that of a nNOS mutant (CYS-331), which was unable to transfer NADPH-derived electrons efficiently to the heme iron under special conditions, and against that of a flavoprotein module construct of nNOS. We report that O2.- production by nNOS and the CYS-331 mutant is CAM-dependent and that O2.- production can be modulated by substrates and inhibitors of nNOS. O2.- was also produced by the reductase domain of nNOS; however, it did not display the same CAM dependency. We conclude that both the reductase and oxygenase domains of nNOS produce O2.-, but that the reductase domain is both necessary and sufficient for O2.- production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15277-15284
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry
Volume36
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 9 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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