The effects of AMP, fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P), fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2), and paramagnetic ions on the aromatic region of the proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrum of rabbit liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase have been investigated at 300 MHz. Two well resolved peaks in the region of the NMR spectrum are assigned to the protons from the aromatic ring of a tyrosyl residue of the enzyme by chemical modification with tetranitromethane and by nuclear Overhauser effects. Nitration of the tyrosyl residues causes desensitization of the enzyme to AMP inhibition as well as the loss of activity. In the presence of AMP during the modifications, 1 tyrosyl residue could be protected, presumably the one observed by NMR. Binding of AMP, an allosteric inhibitor of the enzyme, to rabbit liver fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase leads to an upfield shift of the tyrosol proton signals in the NMR spectrum. No chemical shift or line boadening could be detected in the presence of the paramagnetic manganous ion, Fru-2,6-P2, or Fru-6-P. The negative intramolecular nuclear Overhauser effect from the irbose H2' proton to the adenine H8 proton of AMP suggested that AMP binds to the enzyme with an anti conformation about the glycosidic bond. The failure to observe intermolecular nuclear Overhauser effects between the tyrosyl residue and the protons of AMP indicates that the distances between them are greater than 4 Å. On the basis of these observations, it is suggested that the AMP-related tyrosyl residue may be close to the AMP binding site, but it is not directly involved in ligand binding. Rather, the protection of this tyrosyl residue by AMP as observed by chemical modification experiments may well be due to a conformational change that results from covalent modification of the enzyme.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology