The number of “synaptic” ribbons was inversely correlated with the density of the adrenergic nerve endings of the pineal gland compared among a diverse group of species including the fox, cat, rat, cotton rat, white‐footed mouse, Djungarian hamster, ground squirrel, and chipmunk. The concentration of norepinephrine paralleled the number of adrenergic nerve terminals in the pineal glands of the cotton rat, rat, and ground squirrel, the only species in which norepinephrine concentrations were measured. The number of ribbon fields paralleled numbers of “synaptic” ribbons in all species examined. Adrenergic nerve endings were observed primarily within the perivascular spaces, although some endings also were found among parenchymal cells. Adrenergic nerve endings forming synaptic junctions with pinealocytes were not observed in any of these species, nor was there any physical association between these nerve endings and “synaptic” ribbons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)