Intrinsic fluorescence studies of the chaperonin GroEL containing single Tyr → Trp replacements reveal ligand-induced conformational changes

Don L. Gibbons, John D. Hixson, Nicki Hay, Peter Lund, Boris M. Gorovits, Jesse Ybarra, Paul M. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two mutants of GroEL containing the single tyrosine to tryptophan replacement of either residue 203 or 360 in the apical domain have been purified, characterized, and used for fluorescence studies. Both mutants can facilitate the in vitro refolding of rhodanese in an ATP-and GroES-dependent manner, producing yields of recoverable activity comparable to the wild-type chaperonin. Y203W shows some increased hydrophobic exposure and easier urea- induced disassembly compared with wild-type or Y360W, although the unfolding of all the species was similar at high concentrations of urea. Intrinsic fluorescence studies of the two mutants reveal that nucleotide binding (ADP or AMP-PNP (adenosine 5'-(β,γ-imino)triphosphate)) induces conformational changes in the tetradecamer that are independent of the presence of the co- chaperonin, GroES. The K(1/2) for this transition is approximately 5 μM for both mutants. Energy transfer experiments show that the tryptophan fluorescence of the Y360W mutant is partially quenched (~50%) upon binding of the fluorescent, hydrophobic probe 4,4'-bis(1-anilino-8- naphthalenesulfonic acid), while the fluorescence of the Y203W mutant is significantly quenched (~75%). These results are discussed in relation to the molecular mechanism for GroEL function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31989-31995
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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