Intraluminal stents in atherosclerotic iliac artery stenosis: Preliminary report of a multicenter study

J. C. Palmaz, G. M. Richter, G. Noeldge, R. A. Schatz, P. D. Robison, G. A. Gardiner, G. J. Becker, G. K. McLean, D. F. Denny, J. Lammer, R. M. Paolini, C. R. Rees, R. Alvarado, H. W. Heiss, H. D. Root, W. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fifteen patients with symptomatic iliac artery stenosis were treated with intraluminal placement of balloon-expandable stents. Before treatment, 14 patients had intermittent claudication, and one had a limb at risk for amputation. One patient had diabetes mellitus, nine had hypertension, and all were long-term smokers. Two patients had surgical placement of the stent; in one patient this was part of a combined revascularization procedure. All other stents were placed percutaneously. The transstenotic gradient after injection of vasodilating drugs distal to the lesion decreased from a mean of 32.3 mm Hg ± 16.7 to 3.1 mm Hg ± 4.2 after stent placement. Ankle-arm Doppler systolic pressure index increased from a mean of 0.68 ± 0.22 to 0.96 ± 0.24 after the procedure. The treatment eliminated intermittent claudication in 14 patients and increased exercise tolerance to 500 m in the patient with a limb at risk for amputation before the procedure. The improved condition persisted in all patients during the follow-up of 6-12 months. Stent placement may be a valuable adjunct in the management of iliac artery disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)727-731
Number of pages5
JournalRadiology
Volume168
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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