Intersectional Examination of Gender-Inclusive Care and Women's Health

Kelly McGlothen-Bell, Madelyne Z. Greene, Grayson Hunt, Allison D. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Transgender and gender-nonconforming people remain excluded from women's health spaces, and nurses with expertise in women's health best serve their needs when they seek sexual, reproductive, gynecologic, or obstetric care. However, commentary regarding the term “women” and exclusionary policies and behaviors in health care marginalize gender-nonconforming patients and contribute to health disparities. Therefore, the purpose of this article is twofold. First, we review terminology related to gender-nonconforming populations and their known health care needs; provide a brief historical overview of gender and health care; and describe the influence of White supremacist, misogynist, and heteronormative influences in women's health care. Second, we generate a call to action and specifically discuss the responsibilities of nurses and nursing organizations to ensure the provision of gender-equitable and respectful care and generate clinical recommendations for the specialty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-453
Number of pages12
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2023


  • health equity
  • inclusivity
  • intersectionality
  • transgender persons
  • women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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