Intersecting epidemics: The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 on the HIV prevention and care continua in the United States

Camille E. Spears, Barbara S. Taylor, Albert Y. Liu, Sera M. Levy, Ellen F. Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective:To summarize the broad impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on HIV prevention and care in the United States with a focus on the status-neutral HIV care continuum.Design:We conducted an editorial review of peer-reviewed literature on the topics of HIV-risk behaviors, sexually transmitted illness (STI) and HIV prevalence, HIV prevention and treatment trends, and evolving practices during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods:For relevant literature, we reviewed, summarized, and categorized into themes that span the HIV prevention and care continua, including sexual risk behaviors, mental health, and substance use.Results:We identified important changes within each component of the HIV care continuum across the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Shifts in prevention practices, engagement with care, care provision, medication adherence, testing, and prevalence rates were observed during the pandemic.Conclusion:Although heightened disparities for people at risk for, and living with, HIV were seen during the COVID-19 pandemic, many health systems and clinics have achieved and maintained engagement in HIV prevention and care. This review highlights barriers and innovative solutions that can support durable and accessible health systems through future public health crises.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1749-1759
Number of pages11
Issue number13
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022


  • HIV
  • antiretroviral therapy
  • coronavirus disease 2019
  • mental health disorders
  • preexposure prophylaxis
  • sexual risk behaviors
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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