Interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor antagonists inhibit the progression of inflammatory cell infiltration toward alveolar bone in experimental periodontitis

Dana T. Graves, A. J. Delima, R. Assuma, S. Amar, T. Oates, D. Cochran

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125 Scopus citations


PERIODONTAL DISEASE is A SIGNIFICANT cause of tooth loss in humans and is one of the most prevalent diseases associated with bone loss. Following bacterial colonization, the gingiva becomes inflamed and, in some cases, progresses to destruction of alveolar bone. To investigate the temporal movement of inflammatory cells toward alveolar bone and the role of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in this process, studies were carried out in a Macaca fascicularis primate model of experimental periodontitis. IL-1 and TNF activity was inhibited by local application of soluble receptors to IL-1 and TNF by injection into interdental papillae. The results indicate that following induction of experimental periodontitis, the front of inflammatory cells progresses toward alveolar bone and is associated with osteoclast formation. These processes are inhibited by blockers to IL-1 and TNF. These studies suggest that the conversion from gingivitis to periodontitis is directly associated with the movement of an inflammatory infiltrate toward alveolar bone, and that this activity is at least partially dependent upon IL-1 and/ or TNF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1419-1425
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998



  • Alveolar bone loss
  • Animal studies
  • Cell movement
  • Interleukin-1
  • Periodontal diseases/complications
  • Tooth loss
  • Tumor necrosis factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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