Intercellular communications within the rat anterior pituitary XI: An immunohistochemical study of distributions of S-100 positive cells in the anterior pituitary of the rat

Goro Sato, Nobuyuki Shirasawa, Eisuke Sakuma, Yumi Sato, Yuji Asai, Ikuo Wada, Osamu Horiuchi, Atsushi Sakamoto, Damon C. Herbert, Tsuyoshi Soji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The distribution of the S-100 protein cell (folliculo-stellate cell) is very important to our understanding of the regulation of the anterior pituitary. In this study, 10 intact 60-day-old male Wistar-Imamichi rats, were separated equally into two groups. One was used for immunohistochemical study, and the other for electron microscopic analysis. Immunostained pituitary sections with S-100 protein antibody were photographed using a CCD camera equipped with a computer. The S-100 protein cells were then measured using NIH image software, and the three-dimensional distribution of the cells was analyzed. The distribution of the cells observed in each serial section showed that S-100 protein cells were dense at the basal zone of the gland and at the "transitional zone" where the pars tuberalis adjoined the anterior and intermediate lobes, where they represented over 50% of the total cell population. They then decreased in number with distance from this region to mid-way towards the sagittal axis before increasing again in the tail of the gland. The population of cells also decreased with increasing distance from the "transitional zone" to the wing and with distance from the basal zone. Portal vessels entered the anterior lobe through the "transitional zone" as thick capillaries, ran through the basal surface and penetrated into the central area of the anterior lobe. In all planes, S-100 protein cells encircled the capillaries. Ultrastructural observations confirmed the light microscopic findings indicating that clusters of agranular cells were densely located at the "transitional zone" and in the pars tuberalis. The distribution pattern of the folliculo-stellate cells and the capillaries showed good agreement and the spatial relationship between these two is detailed so as to better understand hypophyseal histophysiology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-280
Number of pages12
JournalTissue and Cell
Volume37
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Capillary
  • Cell distribution
  • Folliculo-stellate cell
  • Rat
  • S-100 protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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