Interactions of the 18.5 kDa isoform of myelin basic protein with Ca2+-calmodulin: In vitro studies using gel shift assays

David S. Libich, George Harauz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The interactions of the 18.5 kDa isoform of myelin basic protein (MBP) with calmodulin (CaM) in vitro have been investigated using glutaraldehyde or dithiobis[succinimidylpropionate] (DSP) cross-linking, and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The following forms of MBP were used: the natural bovine C1 charge isomer (bMBP/C1) and a recombinant murine product (rmMBP), and their fragments generated by digestion with cathepsin D (EC 3.4.23.5). In physiological buffers (10 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.4,5 mM CaCl2, 0.0035% glutaraldehyde; or 50 mM HEPES-NaOH, pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl, 1 mM CaCl2, 0.0035% DSP), MBP and CaM interacted primarily in a 1:1 molar ratio, consistent with previous studies that used 6 M urea, i.e. denaturing conditions. Moreover, the appearance of higher-order bands (not previously observed) suggested that the mechanism of interaction of the two proteins involved a series of relatively complex equilibria, resulting in 2:1 ratios of MBP to CaM. This observation would explain the cooperativity of association inferred from fluorescence studies [13]. Our results demonstrated further that the interaction involved the C-terminal domain of MBP, again in a primarily 1:1 molar ratio with CaM, consistent with our identification of a CaM-binding motif at the C-terminus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume241
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ca-calmodulin
  • Cathepsin D
  • Myelin basic protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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