Interaction with RPA is necessary for Rad52 repair center formation and for its mediator activity

Iben Plate, Swee C.L. Hallwyl, Idina Shi, Lumir Krejci, Christian Müller, Line Albertsen, Patrick Sung, Uffe H. Mortensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Homologous recombination (HR) is a major DNA repair pathway and therefore essential for maintaining the integrity of the genome. HR is catalyzed by proteins encoded by genes of the RAD52 epistasis group, including the recombinase Rad51 and its mediator Rad52. HR proteins fused with green fluorescent protein form foci at damaged DNA reflecting the assembly of repair centers that harbor a high concentration of repair proteins. Rad52 mediates the recruitment of Rad51 and other HR proteins to DNA damage. To understand the mechanism for the assembly of Rad52-dependent DNA repair centers, we used a mutational strategy to identify a Rad52 domain essential for its recruitment to DNA repair foci. We present evidence to implicate an acidic domain in Rad52 in DNA repair focus formation. Mutations in this domain confer marked DNA damage sensitivity and recombination deficiency. Importantly, these Rad52 mutants are specifically compromised for interaction with the single-stranded DNA-binding factor RPA. Based on these findings, we propose a model where Rad52 displaces RPA from single-stranded DNA using the acidic domain as a molecular lever.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29077-29085
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume283
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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