Interaction with Rad51 is indispensable for recombination mediator function of Rad52

Lumir Krejci, Binwei Song, Wendy Bussen, Rodney Rothstein, Uffe H. Mortensen, Patrick Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the RAD52 gene is indispensable for homologous recombination and DNA repair. Rad52 protein binds DNA, anneals complementary ssDNA strands, and self-associates to form multimeric complexes. Moreover, Rad52 physically interacts with the Rad51 recombinase and serves as a mediator in the Rad51-catalyzed DNA strand exchange reaction. Here, we examine the functional significance of the Rad51/Rad52 interaction. Through a series of deletions, we have identified residues 409-420 of Rad52 as being indispensable and likely sufficient for its interaction with Rad51. We have constructed a four-amino acid deletion mutation within this region of Rad52 to ablate its interaction with Rad5 1. We show that the rad52Δ409-412 mutant protein is defective in the mediator function in vitro even though none of the other Rad52 activities, namely, DNA binding, ssDNA annealing, and protein oligomerization, are affected. We also show that the sensitivity of the rad52Δ409-412 mutant to ionizing radiation can be complemented by overexpression of Rad51. These results thus demonstrate the significance of the Rad51-Rad52 interaction in homologous recombination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40132-40141
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 18 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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