Interaction of hyperthermia with taxol in human MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells

B. Z. Leal, M. L. Meltz, N. Mohan, J. Kuhn, T. J. Prihoda, T. S. Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Hyperthermia treatments (43°C, 1 h) were performed on exponentially growing MCF-7 breast adenocarcinoma cells at the beginning, middle, or end of 24 h incubations of the cells in vitro with Taxol (paclitaxel). When the cells were heated at the beginning or middle of the Taxol incubation, the hyperthermia treatment protected against the toxic effect of each of the Taxol concentrations examined (5, 10 and 100 nM). Consistent with earlier studies, Taxol treatment at 37°C resulted in an accumulation of greater than 94% of the cells in G2/M at 24 h. Heating the cells at the middle or end of the Taxol treatment resulted in a similar accumulation. However, heat treatment during the first hour of Taxol exposure resulted in a significantly smaller percentage of cells (~ 50%) in G2/M. HPLC analysis showed that at 37°C, Taxol uptake into MCF-7 cells approached maximum within 0.25 h and increased only slightly more over the next 11.75 h. The parental Taxol level was markedly lower by 24 h. In contrast, 1 h hyperthermia treatments at the beginning or middle of the Taxol incubation resulted in higher Taxol concentrations at 12 and 24 h, and higher intracellular concentrations overall than at 37°C. These results indicate that hyperthermia inhibits Taxol related cell cycle effects and cytotoxicity, in spite of causing higher concentrations of Taxol to be present in heated cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-236
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1999


  • Breast cancer cell cycle
  • Hyperthermia
  • MCF-7
  • Survival
  • Taxol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Cancer Research


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