Inner mechanism of protection of mitochondrial electron-transfer proteins against oxidative damage. Focus on hydrogen peroxide decomposition

Erik Sedlak, Andrej Musatov

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is generally recognized that the mitochondria are the major source of reactive oxygen species including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Although the local concentration of H2O2 near the electron-transfer chain is potentially quite high, the chain's components are rarely found to be significantly damaged by H2O2. Our experimental data, as well as the data published by others, suggest that mitochondrial electron-transfer proteins, which are in the first line to be harmed by ROS, are well prepared to defend themselves. One of such protection mechanism involves peroxidase/catalase-like activity of all major mitochondrial respiration chain players, which catalyze the decomposition of H2O2. Understanding the molecular mechanisms, by which mitochondrial electron-transfer proteins might defend themselves against an oxidative stress and therefore being a part of the mitochondrial antioxidant system, can help to clarify many controversial experimental data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-157
Number of pages6
JournalBiochimie
Volume142
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electron-transfer proteins
  • Hydrogen peroxide decomposition
  • Mitochondria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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