Innate immune adaptor MyD88 mediates neutrophil recruitment and myocardial injury after ischemia-reperfusion in mice

Yan Feng, Huailong Zhao, Xinhua Xu, Emmanuel S. Buys, Michael J. Raher, Jean C. Bopassa, Helene Thibault, Marielle Scherrer-Crosbie, Ulrich Schmidt, Wei Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

MyD88 is an adaptor protein critical for innate immune response against microbial infection and in certain noninfectious tissue injury. The present study examined the role of MyD88 in myocardial inflammation and injury after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). I/R was produced by coronary artery ligation for 30 min followed by reperfusion. The ratios of area at risk to left ventricle (LV) were similar between wild-type (WT) and MyD88-deficient (MyD88-/-) mice. However, 24 h after I/R, the ratios of myocardial infarction to area at risk were 58% less in MyD88-/- than in WT mice (14 ± 2% vs. 33 ± 6%, P = 0.01). Serial echocardiographic studies demonstrated that there was no difference in baseline LV contractile function between the two groups. Twenty-four hours after I/R, LV ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS) in WT mice were reduced by 44% and 62% (EF, 51 ± 2%, and FS, 22 ± 1%, P < 0.001), respectively, and remained depressed on the seventh day after I/R. In comparison, EF and FS in MyD88-/- mice were 67 ± 3% and 33 ± 2%, respectively, after I/R (P < 0.001 vs. WT). Similarly, LV function, as demonstrated by invasive hemodynamic measurements, was better preserved in MyD88-/- compared with WT mice after I/R. Furthermore, when compared with WT mice, MyD88-/- mice subjected to I/R had a marked decrease in myocardial inflammation as demonstrated by attenuated neutrophil recruitment and decreased expression of the proinflammatory mediators keratinocyte chemoattractant, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and ICAM-1. Taken together, these data suggest that MyD88 modulates myocardial inflammatory injury and contributes to myocardial infarction and LV dysfunction during I/R.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1311-H1318
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume295
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • Inflammation
  • Innate immune system
  • Myocardial infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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