Injectable, compression-resistant polymer/ceramic composite bone grafts promote lateral ridge augmentation without protective mesh in a canine model

Anne D. Talley, Lauren A. Boller, Kerem N. Kalpakci, Daniel A. Shimko, David L. Cochran, Scott A. Guelcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that a compression-resistant bone graft augmented with recombinant human morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) will promote lateral ridge augmentation without the use of protective mesh in a canine model. Materials & Methods: Compression-resistant (CR) bone grafts were evaluated in a canine model of lateral ridge augmentation. Bilateral, right trapezoidal prism-shaped defects (13–14 mm long × 8–9 mm wide × 3–4 mm deep at the base) in 13 hounds (two defects per hound) were treated with one of four groups: (i) absorbable collagen sponge + 400 μg rhBMP-2/ml (ACS, clinical control) protected by titanium mesh, (ii) CR without rhBMP-2 (CR, negative control), (iii) CR + 200 μg rhBMP-2 (CR-L), or (iv) CR + 400 μg rhBMP-2 (CR-H). All animals were euthanized after 16 weeks. Ridge height and width and new bone formation were assessed by μCT, histology, and histomorphometry. The release kinetics of rhBMP-2 from CR bone grafts in vitro and in vivo in a femoral condyle defect model in rabbits was also evaluated. Results: All four bone grafts promoted new bone formation (11–31.6 volume%) in the lateral ridge defects. For CR grafts, ridge height and width increased in a dose-responsive manner with increasing rhBMP-2 concentration. Ridge height and width measured for CR-H without the use of protective mesh was comparable to that measured for ACS with a protective mesh. Conclusions: At the same dose of rhBMP-2, an injectable, compression-resistant bone graft resulted in a comparable volume of new bone formation with the clinical control (ACS). These findings highlight the potential of compression-resistant bone grafts without the use of protective mesh for lateral ridge augmentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)592-602
Number of pages11
JournalClinical oral implants research
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • bone graft
  • bone morphogenetic protein
  • canine model
  • compression resistant
  • lateral ridge augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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