Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) in mouse epidermis was inducible by topical application of several tumor-initiating polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The weak tumor initiator 1,2,3,4-dibenazanthracene (1,2,3,4-DBA), at dose level of 200 nmoles, increased AHH activity more than 10-fold over that of the acetone controls at 12 hr after treatment. Administration of the same quantity of the potent initiator 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) increased AHH activity approximately 4-fold over that of the control at 12 hr after treatment. Simultaneous treatment with 200 or 100 nmoles of DMBA and 1,2,3,4-DBA resulted in AHH activity that was 546 and 732% that of the controls, respectively, 12 hr after treatment; this was less AHH activity than was observed when 1,2,3,4-DBA was administered alone. Doses of 20 nmoles or more of 1,2,3,4-DBA, when given at about the same time as DMBA, effectively inhibited DMBA initiation of skin tumors in a two-stage system of tumorigenesis. The results suggest that the weak initiator 1,2,3,4-DBA may program the epidermal AHH system to metabolize the strong carcinogen DMBA to noncarcinogenic intermediate^).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Jan 1977|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research