Inhibition of phorbol ester-induced tumor promotion in mice by vitamin a analog and anti-inflammatory steroid

C. E. Weeks, T. J. Slaga, H. Hennings, G. L. Gleason, W. M. Bracken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


The effects of a vitamin A analog, TMMP ethyl retlnoate [or ethyl-9-(4-methoxy-2,3,6-trlmethylphenyl)-3,7-dlmeth- yl-frsns-2,4,6,8-nonatetraenoate] (abbreviated Ro 10–9359), and an antl-lnflammatory steroid, fluoclnolone acetonlde (or 6α,9α- dlfluoro-11β,16α,17,21-tetrahydroxypregna-1,4-dlene-3,20-dlone cyclic 16,17-acetal) (abbreviated FA), given alone or together were studied In a two-stage carcinogenesis system. The phorbol ester 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was used as the tumor promoter In a 7,12-d!methylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-lnltlated mouse skin system. Two stocks of female mice, CD®-1 and Senear, which differ in their degrees of sensitivity to skin carcinogenesis, were used. A dose-dependent inhibition of carcinogenic expression, as determined by a decreased number of papillomas per animal, was observed in each mouse stock with the use of both FA and Ro 10–9359 when given alone. When FA and Ro 10–9359 were given together, an enhanced effect on the lowering of tumor Incidence was noted. FA effectively Inhibited tumor formation in the sensitive mouse stock even when the steroid was given 1 day prior to TPA treatment under conditions of unusually high doses of Initiator (DMBA) and/or promoter (TPA). These results suggest that both antl-lnflammatory steroids and retinoids Inhibit tumor promotion and can be effectively used as a combination regimen for Increased chemopreventive response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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