Inhibition of Breast Cancer Cell Growth in Vitro by a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor

Kaladhar B. Reddy, Gina L. Mangold, Atul K. Tandon, Toshiyuki Yoneda, Gregory R. Mundy, Asher Zilbersteinxs, C. Kent Osborne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


Human breast cancer cell proliferation is regulated by growth factors that bind to receptors with intrinsic tyrosine kinase (TK) activity, including the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. To determine whether inhibition of receptor TK activity inhibits tumor growth, we studied the effects of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, RG-13022, on cultured human breast cancer cells. RG-13022 represents a class of compounds which have been shown to inhibit preferentially the TK activity of the EGF receptor in a cell-free system and also to inhibit EGF-stimulated growth of cultured cells. RG-13022 significantly inhibited EGF-stimulated au-tophosphorylation of its receptor in two breast cancer cell lines that have abundant, although not amplified, EGF receptor content (MDA-231 and T47D). RG-13022 also inhibited EGF-stimulated DNA synthesis and proliferation of T47D and MCF-7 breast cancer cells in a reversible and dose-dependent manner. Inhibition was observed at 0.1 MM, and it was maximal at 10 MM. The effect was rapid (within 3 h), persisted for 18 h, and was partially reversed by 24 h at 1 MM. At 5 MM, inhibition persisted for more than 50 h. Inhibitory effects were also observed in a panel of estrogen receptor-positive and estrogen receptor-negative breast cancer cell lines. RG-13022 inhibited not only EGF-induced growth but also growth stimulated by insulin, insulin-like growth factor I, insulin-like growth factor II, or transforming growth factor a. RG-13022 also totally blocked estrogen-stimulated phosphorylation of the EGF receptor, as well as estrogen-induced cell proliferation, suggesting that functioning TK pathways are required for estrogen action. The TK inhibitor RG-13022 is a potent inhibitor of hormonally regulated growth of human breast cancer. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors have the potential of providing a new strategy for the “endocrine therapy” of breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3636-3641
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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