Osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1 or bone morphogenetic protein-7 [BMP-7]) stimulates osteoblast differentiation in vitro and induces bone formation in vivo. BMPs exert their effects through complex formation with a heterodimeric receptor composed of a type I and a type II polypeptide. In the present study, mRNAs for three BMP subtype I receptors (ActR-I, BMPR-IA, and BMPR- IB) and one BMPR-II receptor were detected by Northern analysis in two human osteosarcoma cell lines (SaOS-2 and TE85) and in the primary cultures of fetal rat calvaria (FRC) cells. OP-1 affected the steady-state mRNA levels of these receptors differently among these cell types. To study the role of each receptor type in OP-1 action in FRC cells, receptor synthesis was inhibited by antisense oligonucleotides. Inhibition of receptor synthesis was confirmed by immunoprecipitation of radiolabeled cellular proteins with specific antibodies. The osteogenic action of OP-1 was measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralized bone nodule formation in FRC cells. Results showed that inhibition of synthesis of a single subtype I receptor alone did not affect significantly the OP-1-stimulated ALP activity. Inhibition of BMPR-II synthesis reduced the OP-1-stimulated ALP activity by about 50%. Inhibition of synthesis of any one of the type I receptor plus the BMPR-II receptor did not reduce the OP-1-stimulated ALP activity significantly beyond that observed by inhibition of BMPR-II alone. Under these conditions, nodule formation was affected similarly, thus supporting the observations made with the ALP measurements. The present results suggest that the ActR-I, BMPR-IA, and BMPR-IB receptors and the BMPR-II receptor are expressed and functional for OP-1 in FRC cells and that regulation of synthesis of these receptors may be a mechanism by which a specific cell type responds to OP-1. The turnover rate of these receptor proteins might be relatively long and another type II receptor(s) for OP-1 might be functional in FRC cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine