Inhibition of amyloid fibril formation and disassembly of pre-formed fibrils by natural polyphenol rottlerin

Katarina Siposova, Tibor Kozar, Veronika Huntosova, Silvia Tomkova, Andrey Musatov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Natural polyphenols, curcumin, rottlerin and EGCG were selected for initial computational modeling of protein-ligand interaction patterns. The docking calculations demonstrated that these polyphenols can easily adjust their conformational shape to fit well into the binding sites of amyloidogenic proteins. The experimental part of the study focused on the effect of rottlerin on fibrillation of three distinct amyloidogenic proteins, namely insulin, lysozyme and Aβ1–40 peptide. Different experimental protocols such as fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism and atomic force microscopy, demonstrated that amyloid fibril formation of any of the three proteins is inhibited by low micromolar rottlerin concentrations. Most likely, the inhibition of amyloid formation proceeded via interaction of rottlerin with amyloidogenic regions of the studied proteins. Moreover, rottlerin was also effective in pre-formed fibrils disassembly, suggesting that interactions of rottlerin with fibrils were capable to interrupt the fibril-stabilizing bonds of β-sheets. The apparent IC50 and DC50 values were calculated in the range of 1.3–36.4 μM and 15.6–25.8 μM, respectively. The strongest inhibiting/disassembling effect of rottlerin was observed on Aβ1–40 peptide. The cytotoxicity assay performed on the Neuro 2a cells indicated time-dependent cell morphology changes but rottlerin affected the cell viability only at concentration above 50 μM. The results of this study suggest that chemical modifications on rottlerin could be tested in the future as a promising strategy for the modulation of amyloidogenic proteins aggregation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-274
Number of pages16
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Amyloid aggregation
  • Aβ peptide
  • Insulin
  • Lysozyme
  • Polyphenols
  • Rottlerin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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